Preparing for adulthood, also known as transition, begins when young people with SEND are in Year 9 at school (13 or 14 years old) and carries on until they are 25.
Early transition planning is very important, particularly, for young people with SEND who may have additional support needs as they get older.
Year 9 annual review
The process starts in Year 9 with the annual review meeting of a young person’s education, health and care (EHC) plan which will help professionals prepare for the young person’s transition. They will look at what needs to be done from a range of perspectives, including health, education, housing, employment and social care, to support the young person through their teenage years and prepare them for adulthood.
This meeting will include the young person, their parents/carers, the school and other professionals who may work with your family including:
The voice of the young person is very important in the planning process. The should be at the centre of discussions, along with contributions from their parents/carers and relevant professionals. This is to enable support to meet their current and future needs.
The young person's transition plan should be recorded with clear objectives, and outcomes and roles allocated to specific, relevant people.
Year 9 onwards
Preparing for adulthood is an ongoing process and the Year 9 annual review is the first of several transition/planning meetings that takes place every year with the young person until they leave school in Year 11 or Year 14.
Throughout the transition to adulthood, young people will have an individual transition assessment and plan to help ensure that their adult needs are identified and relevant services put in place. These are reviewed annually, or when required, to reflect their changing needs as they grow older.
At 17.5 years old
When young people with ongoing social care needs are 17.5 years old, their transition assessment and plan is reviewed by our Transitions Team to see if they will need, and be eligible for, adult social care services when they reach 18. This is done alongside their current EHC plan. Assessments such as adult continuing healthcare are also completed at this stage.
A lot of information and advice is given to the young person and their family at this time to help them make informed decisions. Advocacy support can also be provided.
Young people with assessed ongoing needs post 18
Young people carrying on in full-time education will continue to be supported by services provided by our Transitions Team. Young people who are not continuing in full-time education once they are 18 will be referred to our specialist Adult Social Care teams who will support them in a range of areas such as education, employment, health and independent living. These teams include:
- Adults with learning disabilities
- Adults with physical disabilities
- Community mental health team
Young people without assessed ongoing needs post 18
These young people will be signposted to universal services when they reach 18. These include short break services and sports and leisure provision.